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Ubuntu LinuxThe first release by Ubuntu Linux was introduced on 10-20-2004. Ubuntu 4.10 bases on Debian and contains the gnomes desktop per default. Ubuntu is an African word that is standing translated in english for humanity. It is free and shared around the world, only the professional support costs money. There are ported versions for the x86, x86 64 and PowerPC architecture. New releases shall appear twice a year. The next release in April 2005 was Ubuntu 5.04.
At the beginning of July 2005, the multi-millionaire Mark Shuttleworth founded the Ubuntu Foundation with an initial budget of 10 million U.S. dollars. This foundation shall guarantee the long-term development of the distribution and the support, for example the main developers were hired in fulltime. The Ubuntu 6.10 desktop edition and server edition was ready in October 2006, Ubuntu 7.04 for desktop and servers appeared in April 2007. In the new version there is a tool for the migration of Windows settings, the network component and support for multimedia was improved.
Kubuntu, Edubuntu, Xubuntu and Beatrix are derivative distributions of Ubuntu. Edubuntu was published for the first time on 13 October 2005, Xubuntu in 2006 and Kubuntu on 24th April 2008 with the version 8.04.
BeatriX is based on Ubuntu and also supports Debian and Ubuntu software packages. It was design objective to manage Linux distribution to be used a compact and simple. This distribution is a slim Linux system which can started live from CD-ROM and uses less than 190 MByte storage on this. The version 2005.1 of 01-28-2005 contains the Linux Kernel 2.6.7, the gnomes desktop 2.8, Open Office, the Firefox browser and other popular application programs. Mid-2005, the Beatrix distribution of Steven Watsky has been discontinued.
Date - Version
2004 Oct. - Ubuntu 4.102005 April - Ubuntu 5.042006 Oct. - Ubuntu 6.102007 April - Ubuntu 7.042008 Oct. - Ubuntu 8.10 Desktop and Server Edition2009 April - Ubuntu 9.04 Desktop and Server Edition2009 Oct. - Ubuntu 9.10 Desktop and Server Edition2010 Aug. - Ubuntu 10.04 Desktop and Server Edition2010 Oct. - Ubuntu 10.10 Desktop and Server Edition2011 April - Ubuntu 11.04 Desktop and Server Edition